Being Disabled Should not means being disqualified from every aspect of life.(EMMA THOMPSON)
The condition of being unable to do things in the normal way is disability.Disabled face limitations to pursue an occupation because of physical or mental impairment.
Disability" can be broken down into a number of broad sub-categories, which include the following:
2. Low vision
4. Hearing impairment
5. Loco motor disability
6. Mental retardation
7. Mental illness
The most common causes of impairment & disability include chronic diseases such as diabetes , cardiovascular disease & cancer; injuries such as those due to road traffic crashes, mental impairments, birth defects, malnutrition, HIV/AIDS & other communicable diseases.
Disability is a development issue because disability increase the risk of poverty & poverty may increase the risk of disability.In our society disable children are less likely to attend school.People with disabilities are more likely to be unemployed & earrn less even when employed.People with disabilities may have extra costs such as medical cost or assistive devices.In the presence of these attitudional barriers Pak has failed to overcome these problems.The biggest problem in Pakistan is that the social enviroment are mostly hostile them.The lives of a large number of people are spoiled & their potential for coming good is lost because of people’s habit of looking down on those with slight impairment & treating such impairment as the mark of their identification & the dominant feature of their personality,If a person have mental illness he must be called pagal…,The government & civil society will need to coordinate their efforts to cure the people of their unhealthy attitude towards the disabled. Government should encourage disabled children by giving them scholarship, admission quota for disabled in educational institutions,Handicap friendly environment & special Transport service.Media play a vital role in our society but unfortuniatly media has ignored this matter.Media should encourage them through some compaigns and spread awreness how to fight againts disabilities.
We should adopt precautions to overcome it such as Immunisation of pregnant mothers & infants,Vit A drops to children (1 to 6 years) 6 doses at 6 month interval,Iron & folic acid tablets to pregnant mothers,Health education regarding high risk pregnancy,Avoid early age or late pregnancy to avoid malformation.
The purpose of above discussion is “to promote,protect & ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities, and to promote respect for their inherent dignity”.